Excision of tumors involving the spleen, liver, kidneys, stomach or intestines.
Removal of foreign materials or tumors causing intestinal or urinary blockage.
Resection of large areas of skin or subcutaneous masses requiring reconstructive surgery.
Correction of congenital heart defects, such as PDA.
Removal of lung tumors or tumors affecting the pericardium around the heart.
Repair of the diaphragm or thoracic cavity caused by trauma, congenital defect or disease.
Repair of fractured bones or resection or amputation of bones affected by cancer.
Correction of dislocated joints in the hip, or malfunctions of the hip and elbow.
Ruptured cruciate ligaments and dislocating patellas in the knees.
Laryngeal and brachycephalic correcting problems with the airways and breathing.
Resection of the soft palate and nares for brachycephalic breeds.
Artenoid lateralization to open the airway for dogs affected by laryngeal paralysis.